Abstract: The paper explores the nature of the two civil-political movements in Poland and Ukraine, which arose during different periods of the history in these countries. „Solidarity“ and „Euromaidan“ were formed at a time when both countries were experiencing severe socio-economic and political crises. They have become the most effective tool in the fight against the existing political regime and social order. The article also discusses the characteristics of these movements, the main similarities and differences. Particular attention is given to the role of media in the events of the 80s in Poland and the current situation in Ukraine. The same media have always been and remain a powerful weapon that plays a critical role in shaping the public opinion of the masses. In Poland, the independent press has become a platform for discussion, a place of expression of different points of view on possible options for a reform of the communist system. In Ukraine, before the media is no less important task – widespread control over the actions of officials and politicians. After all, today they are responsible not only for the changes in the field of economics and politics, but also for the continuation of the existence of the state of Ukraine.
Rhetoric and Communications E-journal, Issue 18, July 2015, rhetoric.bg/, journal.rhetoric.bg, ISSN 1314-4464