Binding Europe from Below. Models of European Identity from Free Movement of Persons’ Perspective

Stela Konakchieva

Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”


Abstract: This paper presents an analysis based on a qualitative study researching free movement of persons’ role into European identity formation. Using the concept of social context and the concept of bonds, the paper argues what kind of European identity models emerge as a result of the binding of Europe from below. It also offers an innovative interpretation of the ever closer union among the peoples of Europe as a European identity model and it argues what could constitute this identity in civic and cultural terms so that the citizens of the EU render legitimacy to the political construction of the Union.

Keywords: European identity, Free Movement of Persons, Social Context, Bonds, An Ever Closer Union, Models.

Rhetoric and Communications E-journal, Issue 31, November 2017,,, ISSN 1314-4464

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