Linguistic Diversity and Features of Language Policy in Moldova

Ekaterina Stanova

Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”


Abstract: The article is an attempts to present the linguistic diversity and features of language policy in Moldova. At the same time, it does not aim at comprehensiveness and completeness in the study, but it approbates a methodology for future research in a dissertation. The focus is on identifying differences in graphic systems and in the use of languages as a state policy in several regions: Moldova, Gagauzia, Taraclia and Predestrovia. The first hypothesis is that linguistic diversity is the result of political, social and cultural factors and that linguistic diversity is presented in Moldova. The second hypothesis is that language policy reflects on the use of different languages in different areas. The aim is to analyse the representativeness of official languages and the status of minority languages in the Republic of Moldova after 1990. The objectives are to identify common and different language policies and diversity and to derive some factors and legal parameters and to present the specificity of language policy in Moldova before the last few decades. The methods used are secondary data analysis, content analysis of state documents, chronological and comparative approach. Otherness is analysed at several levels: languages, graphical systems and language policies. The results show the use of different graphical systems for the same language in different regions in Moldova. The representational function of official languages and the specificities of languages used in education and informal communication are also manifestations of otherness.

Keywords: language policy, language situation, language contact, language planning, language construction.

Rhetoric and Communications Journal, issue 50, January 2022

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