Antisemitism and Antiziganism: State of the Art and Challenges for Citizenship Education

Elizaveta Firsova

Leibniz University Hanover, Germany, Research Associate


Arne Schrader

Leibniz University Hanover, Germany; Research Associate



Abstract: The present article contributes to the theoretical and empirical work on antisemitism and antiziganism by outlining the state of art in the German scientific community on both phenomena. Although they differ in certain aspects, some key characteristics can be pointed out with the need to be tackled in educational contexts: both phenomena rely on racist worldviews manifesting themselves in similar rhetorical claims and are socially transmitted via forms of communication. Historically, both “groups” were considered as symbols of the Other in European societies. Their function as societal “counter-images” reinforced identification and bonding processes within  the majority population’s in-group. Hence, exclusion and persecution of alleged members of these groups was legitimized. The article presents the theoretical and empirical debates on each phenomenon and examines the educational approaches discussed in the German research community. Subsequently, the article concludes with suggestions for further national and international discussions and research projects  on antisemitism and antiziganism

Keywords: antisemitism; antiziganism; racism; citizenship education; Othering; discrimination.

Rhetoric and Communications Journal, issue 52, July 2022

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